Las transiciones en el uso de alcohol en una cohorte de nacimiento-sexo en la población general: el proyecto transversal PEGASUS-Murcia

Mathilde M. Husky, Chrianna Bharat, Gemma Vilagut, Diego Salmerón, Salvador Martínez, Carmen Navarro, Jordi Alonso, Ronald C. Kessler, Fernando Navarro-Mateu

Resumen


Examinar el impacto potencial de la prevalencia de uso de alcohol en una cohorte de nacimiento-sexo en el inicio y progresión del uso de alcohol en el proyecto PEGASUS-Murcia, encuesta transversal en una muestra representativa de adultos no institucionalizados de Murcia (España). Se entrevistaron personalmente a 1.459 adultos sobre consumo de alcohol a lo largo de la vida, trastornos por uso de alcohol (criterios DSM-IV) y remisión utilizando la Entrevista Diagnóstica Internacional Compuesta (CIDI 3.0). Se calcularon estimaciones de tablas de vida basadas en las funciones de supervivencia para la edad de inicio en el uso de alcohol y su remisión en modelos de supervivencia de tiempo discreto. Casi nueve de cada diez adultos tuvieron una historia de uso de alcohol a lo largo de la vida. Entre ellos, 84,3% desarrolló un uso regular (> 12 bebidas por año) y 5,5% y 1,6% cumplieron criterios DSM-IV de Abuso y Dependencia de alcohol, respectivamente. A los 18 años, 70,9% había usado alcohol, 50,2% de forma regular, con un aumento brusco en adultos jóvenes (90,8% a los 22 años). El uso de alcohol de la cohorte de nacimiento-sexo se asoció significativamente con mayores probabilidades para todas las transiciones examinadas, excepto en la transición uso-abuso. Se detectan períodos sensibles con transiciones rápidas a niveles más altos de uso de alcohol. Las experiencias de cohortes en todas las etapas del consumo de alcohol son importantes. Estos resultados podrían contribuir a la predicción de las tendencias poblacionales de los problemas con el alcohol en España.


Palabras clave


Alcohol; Abuso; Cohorte; Dependencia; Remisión.

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Referencias


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.20882/adicciones.1067

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